top of page
Sport Exercise


What is peak performance?


Peak performance happens when you perform to the best of your ability, and in many ways, this is parallel to reaching self-actualization for some.

One aspect of peak performance can be about attaining your physical goals, and the way to get there is through strength and conditioning.

Strength and conditioning, in its simplest form, is the practical application of sports science to enhance movement quality. It’s grounded in evidence-based research and the physiology of exercise and anatomy.

We all move, and therefore we can all benefit from a better quality of movement.

Strength and conditioning aren’t hardcore and only for athletes, nor is it a particular Olympic lift, prowler push, or hill sprint drill. Whilst we might associate these moves with strength and conditioning, they’re tools used to aid good strength and conditioning. So… what is strength and conditioning?

Strength and conditioning explained


Firstly, we tend to focus on movement quality to improve performance, this can be in any given sport focusing on speed, strength, and power. Equally, it could improve performance in real-life scenarios, such as standing up with ease for elderly clients.

Secondly, we focus on preventing injury. Developing better movement patterns helps to prevent injury in athletes, which can help accelerate their careers. In our real-life scenario, this could be an elderly client working on proprioception and balance to help them fall less frequently.

Strength and conditioning is a great way to transform your body and get huge results, whether you’re an athlete or amateur, expert, or just starting out. It encompasses so much more than just lifting weights and focuses on a variety of tools to improve movement, health, and physical performance.

Strength and conditioning used to be a niche environment believed only to be for athletes, but as more people come to understand the many benefits of movement-based fitness; the strength and conditioning market is growing.


Methods include plyometrics, speed and agility, mobility, core stability, endurance, and weight training
and so much more depending on the individual or team’s needs!

What are the benefits of
strength and conditioning?


The benefits of a good strength and conditioning programme will vary for every individual, depending on their abilities and goals.

Injury prevention
A key pillar in strength and conditioning training is fully assessing a client’s movement patterns so that you can use movement-correct techniques to prevent injuries. Injury prevention is highly beneficial to athletes and amateurs alike.

An improved level of proprioception is often achieved with strength and conditioning work.

Proprioception is the awareness of movement and position in the body. This can be worked on with specific exercises and balance work. The decreased injury as a result of strength and conditioning training also plays a large role in improving proprioception.

Improved performance
A strength and conditioning programme will look to improve your client’s performance over time. Programming is performance-specific, using scientifically-backed training methods.

A Strength and Conditioning Coach is key to maximising clients' capabilities to improve performance. Strength and Conditioning Coaches will be able to identify key areas of improvement and also measure results accurately.

Performance can be improved by the technical, physical, tactical, or mental factors that starting a strength and conditioning routine has on participants.

Enhanced general health
It’s a truth universally acknowledged that exercise is good for our overall health and wellbeing, from mental to physical health. The combination of strength training, HIIT training, plyometrics, and cardio conditioning that characterise strength and conditioning training helps to increase cardiovascular and muscular, skeletal and mental health.

Strengthen bones
Strength training doesn’t just increase the strength of our muscles. In fact, there are numerous articles and research papers on the benefits of strength training in improving bone density. An article published by Harvard Medical School on the effect of strength training on bone health explains:

“Numerous studies have shown that strength training can play a role in slowing bone
loss, and several show it can even build bone. This is tremendously useful to help
offset age-related declines in bone mass. Activities that put stress on bones can
nudge bone-forming cells into action. That stress comes from the tugging and

pushing on the bone that occurs during strength training (as well as weight-bearing
aerobic exercises like walking or running). The result is stronger, denser bones.”

Improved posture
With improved movement and mechanics comes improved posture – something we could all benefit from due to our sedentary lifestyles. Posture analysis is often conducted as part of an initial assessment so movement patterns can be developed based on improving functionality for the individuals’ needs.


Improved posture can improve overall bodily functions, including the respiratory system and circulation.

Improved mood
Exercise in all shapes and forms can help to release serotonin which improves mood.

Strength and conditioning is no different. Seeing the progress that comes with a science-based strength and conditioning programme can also be incredibly rewarding.


As an athlete, strength and conditioning can improve your performance at a competitive level which is bound to be hugely exciting for any competitor!

Increased muscle mass and metabolism
Strength and conditioning training helps to build muscle, which in turn will give the metabolism a boost as muscle burns more calories at rest.


research paper published in the National Library of Medicine discovered that hypertrophy (building muscle) had increased metabolic benefits. An increase in lean muscle mass reduces the risk of insulin resistance, a group of risk factors for cardiovascular disease, and other factors which can lead to ill health, such as elevated fasting glucose and triglyceride levels, hypertension, obesity and reduced HDL cholesterol.

Exercise can become more enjoyable
When you move correctly and you notice improvements in your movement technique, exercise becomes more enjoyable. This is not only because progress is motivating but also because strength and conditioning help to prevent injuries by developing quality movement patterns. A reduced concern with the risk of injury also helps to make training more enjoyable!

Faster recovery after injury
One of the principles of strength and conditioning is to reduce injury through better movement, but unfortunately, sometimes injuries will still happen. Strength and conditioning can help here as the muscles will be stronger and more adaptable, aiding the recovery process.


A strength and conditioning coach will also be able to identify which movement patterns are out of bounds and how to use exercise to condition your muscles back to performance.

Make an appointment with us now


As you can see, Strength and Conditioning benefits so many areas of everyday life, not only relating to sports. Incorporating some of the principles into your own or your clients’ training can really make a difference in how they perform, move, and live.

Contact us at SMARTPHYSIO, and we will assist you in reaching your Peak Physical Performance with

a personalised strength and conditioning plan.

See other services

bottom of page